Abnormal Returns from Takeover Prediction Modelling: Challenges and Suggested Investment Strategies
Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Forthcoming
Posted: 2 Feb 2016
Date Written: January 20, 2016
While takeover targets earn significant abnormal returns, studies tend to find no abnormal returns from investing in predicted takeover targets. In this study, we show that the difficulty of correctly identifying targets ex ante does not fully explain the below-expected returns to target portfolios. Target prediction models’ inability to optimally time impending takeovers, by taking account of prebid target underperformance and the anticipation of potential targets by other market participants, diminishes but does not eliminate the potential profitability of investing in predicted targets. Importantly, we find that target portfolios are predisposed to underperform, as targets and distressed firms share common firm characteristics, resulting in the misclassification of a disproportionately high number of distressed firms as potential targets. We show that this problem can be mitigated, and significant risk-adjusted returns can be earned, by screening firms in target portfolios for size, leverage and liquidity.
Keywords: Takeover prediction, abnormal returns, portfolio strategies, investment timing, firm size, rumours
JEL Classification: G11, G12, G14, G34
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation