Are China's Farms Growing?

22 Pages Posted: 20 Jan 2016

See all articles by Xianqing Ji

Xianqing Ji

Yangzhou University

Scott Rozelle

Stanford University - Freeman Spogli Institute of International Studies

Jikun Huang

Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)

Linxiu Zhang

Chinese Academy of Sciences - Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy

Tonglong Tom Zhang

Tianjin University

Date Written: January–February 2016

Abstract

China's agricultural sector faces challenges because most farms are still small scale. China's policy is to encourage the consolidation of farms and promote farms that are larger in scale. A question that arises is: Are China's farms growing? The goal of the present paper is to determine whether large farms in China have emerged or if farms remain small. To meet this goal, we systematically document the trends in the operational sizes of China's farms and measure the determinants of changes in farm size. Using a nationally representative dataset, the study shows that in 2013 China's farming sector was still mostly characterized by small‐scale farms. However, at the same time, there is an emerging class of middle‐sized and larger‐sized farms. Most large farms are being run by households but there is a set of large farms that are company/cooperative‐run. Today, farmers on larger farms are younger and better educated than the average farmer.

Keywords: emergence, large scale, operational farm size, rural China, small scale

JEL Classification: Q12, Q15, O53

Suggested Citation

Ji, Xianqing and Rozelle, Scott and Huang, Jikun and Zhang, Linxiu and Zhang, Tonglong Tom, Are China's Farms Growing? (January–February 2016). China & World Economy, Vol. 24, Issue 1, pp. 41-62, 2016, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2717778 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/cwe.12143

Xianqing Ji (Contact Author)

Yangzhou University ( email )

88 Daxue Road (South)
Yangzhou
Jiangsu, 225009
China

Scott Rozelle

Stanford University - Freeman Spogli Institute of International Studies ( email )

Stanford, CA 94305
United States

Jikun Huang

Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ( email )

Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy (CCAP)
No. Jia 11, Datun Road
Anwai, Beijing, 100101
China
+86 10 64889440 (Phone)
+86 10 64856533 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ccap.org.cn/english/ccapstaff.asp?PID=1380

Linxiu Zhang

Chinese Academy of Sciences - Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy ( email )

Anwai, Beijing, 100101
China

Tonglong Tom Zhang

Tianjin University ( email )

92, Weijin Road
Nankai District
Tianjin, Tianjin 300072
China

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