Quasi-Causative Constructions in Mehweb
Posted: 28 Nov 2015 Last revised: 5 Apr 2018
Date Written: November 27, 2015
This paper investigates causative constructions in Mehweb, a lect of the Dargwa group of the East Caucasian (Nakh-Daghestanian) language family. In Mehweb, it is possible to build a causative construction by using a causative predicate and the predicate of caused action. Originally such verbs conveyed the meaning of physical causation of motion and left the causee on its own. Constructions of this kind do not qualify as canonical analytic (periphrastic) causatives, because they are not fully grammaticalized. I describe them as quasi-causatives. Usually, either a morphological or periphrastic causative marker is used in one utterance. Mehweb shows some evidence for double causative marking by combining a separate verbal form as the main causative predicate with a dependent verbal form which is marked with a morphological causative affix, producing only one causative meaning.
Keywords: causative, periphrastic causative construction, double causative, Mehweb, Dargwa, East Caucasian languages
JEL Classification: Z19
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