Gender Quotas, Competitions, and Peer Review: Experimental Evidence on the Backlash Against Women

37 Pages Posted: 19 Oct 2015

See all articles by Andreas Leibbrandt

Andreas Leibbrandt

Monash University

Liang Choon Wang

Monash University - Department of Economics

Cordelia Foo

Monash University

Date Written: September 24, 2015

Abstract

This study experimentally investigates gender quotas in light of peer review. We investigate competitions with and without gender quotas and a peer review process that allows for sabotage. Our findings show that the possibility of peer sabotage renders the gender quota ineffective in encouraging women to enter tournaments and reversing gender pay gaps. Moreover, we provide evidence of a severe backlash against women, as they become targets of sabotage under gender quotas. Interestingly, this is the result of women focusing on sabotaging each other while men sabotage indiscriminately. Our results have implications for the use of quotas to mitigate the under-representation and underperformance of minority groups in environments in which peer sabotage is possible.

Keywords: affirmative action, gender quota, gender gap, labor market, sabotage, competition, tournament

JEL Classification: C930, J230, J330

Suggested Citation

Leibbrandt, Andreas and Wang, Liang Choon and Foo, Cordelia, Gender Quotas, Competitions, and Peer Review: Experimental Evidence on the Backlash Against Women (September 24, 2015). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 5526, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2676001

Andreas Leibbrandt (Contact Author)

Monash University ( email )

23 Innovation Walk
Wellington Road
Clayton, Victoria 3800
Australia

Liang Choon Wang

Monash University - Department of Economics ( email )

Wellington Road
Clayton, Victoria
Australia

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/site/liangchoonwang/

Cordelia Foo

Monash University

23 Innovation Walk
Wellington Road
Clayton, Victoria 3800
Australia

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