Environmental Footprints and Scenario Analysis for Assessing the Impacts of the Agri‐Food Industry on a Regional Economy: A Case Study in Spain

10 Pages Posted: 22 Sep 2015

See all articles by Ignacio Cazcarro

Ignacio Cazcarro

Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3)

Rosa Duarte

University of Zaragoza - Department of Economic Analysis

Julio Sánchez‐Chóliz

University of Zaragoza - Department of Economic Analysis

Cristina Sarasa

University of Zaragoza - Department of Economic Analysis

Ana Serrano

University of Girona - Department of Economics

Date Written: August 2015

Abstract

The study of the environmental footprints of various sectors and industries is increasingly demanded by institutions and by society. In this context, the regional perspective is becoming particularly important, and even more so in countries such as Spain, where the autonomous communities have the primary responsibility for implementing measures to combat environmental degradation and promote sustainable development, in coordination with national strategies. Taking as a case study a Spanish region, Aragon, and significant economic sectors, including agriculture and the food industry, the aim of this work is twofold. First, we calculate the associated environmental footprints (of emissions and water) from the dual perspectives of production (local impacts) and consumption (final destination of the goods produced by the agri‐food industry). Second, through a scenarios analysis, based on a general equilibrium model designed and calibrated specifically for the region, we evaluate the environmental implications of changes in the agri‐food industry (changes in the export and import pattern, as well as in consumer behavior). This model provides a flexible approximation to the environmental impacts, controlling for a wider range of behavioral and economic interactions. Our results indicate that the agri‐food industry has a significant impact on the environment, especially on water resources, which must be responsibly managed in order to maintain the differential advantage that a regional economy can have, compared to other territories.

Keywords: agri‐food industry, computable general equilibrium (CGE) model, environmental footprint, input‐output analysis (IOA), regional economy, water footprint

Suggested Citation

Cazcarro, Ignacio and Duarte, Rosa and Sánchez‐Chóliz, Julio and Sarasa, Cristina and Serrano, Ana, Environmental Footprints and Scenario Analysis for Assessing the Impacts of the Agri‐Food Industry on a Regional Economy: A Case Study in Spain (August 2015). Journal of Industrial Ecology, Vol. 19, Issue 4, pp. 618-627, 2015, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2663733 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jiec.12209

Ignacio Cazcarro (Contact Author)

Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3) ( email )

Gran Vía 35-2
Bilbao, Vizcaya 48009
Spain

Rosa Duarte

University of Zaragoza - Department of Economic Analysis ( email )

50005 Zaragoza
Spain

Julio Sánchez‐Chóliz

University of Zaragoza - Department of Economic Analysis

50005 Zaragoza
Spain

Cristina Sarasa

University of Zaragoza - Department of Economic Analysis

50005 Zaragoza
Spain

Ana Serrano

University of Girona - Department of Economics

Campus de Montilivi
Girona, Girona 17071
Spain

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
1
Abstract Views
262
PlumX Metrics