Consumer Spending and Property Taxes
70 Pages Posted: 16 Aug 2015
Date Written: July 16, 2015
A major change of the property tax system in 2011 generated significant variation in the amount of housing taxes paid by Italian households. Using new questions added to the Survey on Household Income and Wealth (SHIW), we exploit this variation to provide an unprecedented analysis of the effects of property taxes on consumer spending. A tax on the main dwelling leads to large expenditure cuts among households with mortgage debt and low liquid wealth but generates only small revenues for the government. In contrast, higher tax rates on other residential properties reduce private savings and yield large tax revenues.
Keywords: fiscal consolidation, marginal propensity to spend, mortgage debt, residential property taxes
JEL Classification: E21, E62, H31
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