The Contexts of Social Inclusion
32 Pages Posted: 9 Aug 2015 Last revised: 21 Oct 2015
Date Written: August 8, 2015
Social exclusion and inclusion are context-specific concepts in at least three senses. First, in normative terms, the dominant image, framework, ideal or paradigm of an inclusive society varies so the grounds for exclusion differ across contexts. Second, different places have different histories, cultures, institutions and social structures that make some dimensions of social exclusion - economic, social, or political - more salient and important than others. Third, context - where one lives - makes a material contribution to social inclusion, shaping access to material, social, and political resources and increasing the probability of contact with diverse others. Although globalization and neoliberalization appear to be flattening differences across space, national, regional, and local ideas and institutions reproduce persistent contextual particularities.
Keywords: social inclusion, social exclusion, social cohesion, regimes, national comparisons
JEL Classification: A14, I30, J60, J70, P50, R00
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