Protectionist Pressures, Imports, and Employment in the United States

24 Pages Posted: 28 Jun 2004 Last revised: 7 Apr 2021

See all articles by Anne O. Krueger

Anne O. Krueger

International Monetary Fund (IMF); Stanford University - Graduate School of Business; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Date Written: March 1980

Abstract

This paper assesses the theoretical and empirical basis for American labor union leaders' contention that imports have been a big source of job loss in the United States. It is shown, first, that identification of job losses "due to imports" is exceptionally difficult because economic growth affects adversely the industries believed affected by imports. Then, an accounting framework is employed to assess possible empirical orders of magnitude. The results are fairly conclusive in indicating that factors other than import competition have been primary in leading to structural shifts in employment.

Suggested Citation

Krueger, Anne O., Protectionist Pressures, Imports, and Employment in the United States (March 1980). NBER Working Paper No. w0461, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=262081

Anne O. Krueger (Contact Author)

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