Purchase Order Financing: Credit, Commitment, and Supply Chain Consequences
47 Pages Posted: 12 Jun 2015
Date Written: April 4, 2015
We study a supply chain where a retailer buys from a supplier who cannot fully ﬁnance her production. Informational problems about the supplier’s demand prospects and production capabilities restrict her access to capital. By committing to a minimum purchase quantity, the retailer can mitigate these informational problems and expand the supplier’s feasible production set. We assume a newsvendor model of operations and analyze the strategic interaction of the two parties as a sequential game. Key parameters in our model are the supplier’s ex-ante credit limit; her informational transparency (which conditions the amount of additional capital released by the commitment); and the demand characteristics of the ﬁnal market. We show that in equilibrium the supplier can benefit from a lower ex-ante credit limit or lower informational transparency. The retailer always benefits from an increase in these parameters. Moreover, the supplier’s ex-ante credit limit and informational transparency may be substitutes or complements with respect to her own proﬁt, but are always substitutes with respect to the retailer’s proﬁt. Our study provides a novel perspective on capital market frictions in supply chain contracting.
Keywords: Supply Chain Finance, Newsvendor, Order Commitment
JEL Classification: G10, G30
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation