Migration and Brain Drain: Survey For the Azerbaijan Economy
JOURNAL OF QAFQAZ UNIVERSITY - ECONOMICS AND ADMINISTRATION, 2014, Volume 2, Number 1
11 Pages Posted: 10 May 2015
Date Written: January 1, 2014
Existing literature about migration flows between developing and developed countries provides numerous country cases on brain drain related issues. One study suggests that, Turkey is relatively unsuccessful on managing brain drain. On the contrary, other study depicts that India converted brain drain to brain grain and it functioned as a significant detail on economic and social development. For the Polish case, we observe "culture of migration" and "social remittances". Data shows that in many cases, up to 60% of Africans migrate to America have tertiary education. By 2011, Malaysia established a Talent Corporation for retain emigrants. A figure from early 2000s; in the American academic circles there were 4000 Iranian professors, 500 of them were at "top-ranked" universities. All these bare facts show how significant it is to develop national policy tools against to the negative economic and social impacts of brain drain. In 2004, oil boom started in Azerbaijan. By 2007, Azerbaijan adopted new state program about funding education for nationals in prestigious western universities. First state program covers 2007-2015 time period, new state program will be announced by 2015. In this paper, we especially try to stress that, brain drain issue will gain growing importance for years to come. By and large, increasing number of student mobility requires pre-emptive policy precautions about possible brain drain effects. For drawing the picture of current situation, emigration, destination countries and competitiveness related issues will be objects of this survey.
Keywords: brain drain, migration, brain gain, education
JEL Classification: F2, O1, J6, J2, Q32
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