Network Form and Performance. The Case of Multi-Unit Franchising
43 Pages Posted: 10 Mar 2015
Date Written: March 2015
Multi-unit franchising (MUF) is a governance form inside franchising networks where the franchisor transfers to the franchisees the right to own and operate more than one outlet. While previous empirical literature has revealed various advantages of MUF as compared to single-unit franchising (SUF), we study the impact of this governance form on the network performance, taking into account different contexts. Our results from propensity score matching show that MUF leads to higher performance. However, non-parametric estimations highlight thresholds suggesting that a mix of SUF and MUF is a more efficient governance form than a pure MUF network.
Keywords: Network governance, franchising, propensity score matching, nonparametric regressions
JEL Classification: M21, L14 , C14
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