Class Inequality and Climate Change Resilience: Exploring the Nexus in Liberalised India

Posted: 5 Mar 2015 Last revised: 8 Feb 2017

See all articles by Kavya Michael

Kavya Michael

TERI

A. P. Sreeraj

University of Hyderabad, School of Economics, Students

Date Written: March 2, 2015

Abstract

In this paper, we develop an index for climate change resilience in post reform India across different classes using a set of variables that connotes the co-evolutionary relations of the social, economic and ecological realms. Contrary to the dominant paradigms of climate change resilience we focus on the much neglected question in resilience studies, “resilience for whom?”. Our results indicate that, there exist substantial inequalities in the resilience parameters of the classes with the urban elites remaining the most resilient and powerful group over the years. The resilience index of the urban elites and the agricultural labourers remain at both the ends of the spectrum with a value of 1.8 for the former and -1.5 for the latter in the year 2009-2010. A comparison of the resilience index of the classes with their respective share of carbon dioxide emissions gives a clear evidence of risk transfer where the benefits of high emissions rest with the elites while the ecological cost of emissions in the form of vulnerabilities associated with the climate crisis is passed on to the least polluters, who happen to be the rural working classes and small peasants in our analysis.

Keywords: Climate Change, Resilience, Class, Inequality, Climate Justice

JEL Classification: Q54, O13, Q01, Q56

Suggested Citation

Michael, Kavya and Sreeraj, A. P., Class Inequality and Climate Change Resilience: Exploring the Nexus in Liberalised India (March 2, 2015). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2572619 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2572619

Kavya Michael (Contact Author)

TERI ( email )

DELHI, 11
India

A. P. Sreeraj

University of Hyderabad, School of Economics, Students ( email )

Hyderabad
India

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