Land Reform, Latifundia and Social Development at Local Level in Colombia, 1961-2010

43 Pages Posted: 24 Feb 2015

See all articles by Jean-Paul Faguet

Jean-Paul Faguet

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - Centre for Economic Performance (CEP)

Fabio Sanchez

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics

Juanita Villaveces

Universidad del Rosario

Date Written: February 12, 2015

Abstract

The paper analyzes the effects of land reform on social development - poverty and land distribution - at the local level. Land reform in Colombia, understood as the allocation of public land to peasant, has granted 23 million hectares which comprises around 20% of Colombian territory and about 40% of usable productive land. Theoretically, the net impact of land reform on development is the combination of a poverty effect and a land distribution effect. Our findings suggest that land reform from 1961 onwards has slightly reduced poverty and mildly improved land distribution. Nonetheless, municipalities with strong presence of latifundia prior to 1961 have experienced both a slower drop in poverty and a weaker improvement of land distribution. This paper finds that prevalence of latifundia partially reduces the positive effect of land reform in promoting social development.

Keywords: Land reform, land distribution, latifundia, poverty, local economic development, Colombia

JEL Classification: Q15, N16, H27

Suggested Citation

Faguet, Jean-Paul and Sanchez, Fabio and Villaveces, Juanita, Land Reform, Latifundia and Social Development at Local Level in Colombia, 1961-2010 (February 12, 2015). Documento CEDE No. 2015-06, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2568641 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2568641

Jean-Paul Faguet (Contact Author)

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - Centre for Economic Performance (CEP) ( email )

Houghton Street
London WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom
+44 207 955 6435 (Phone)
+44 207 955 6844 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.lse.ac.uk/Depts/destin/faguetjp.html

Fabio Sanchez

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia - Department of Economics

Carrera 1a No. 18A-10
Santafe de Bogota, AA4976
Colombia

Juanita Villaveces

Universidad del Rosario ( email )

Calle 12 No. 6-25
Bogota, DC
Colombia

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