Voting Behaviour and Public Employment in Nazi Germany

CEP Discussion Paper No. 1326

28 Pages Posted: 11 Feb 2015

See all articles by Stephan Maurer

Stephan Maurer

Department of Economics, University of Konstanz

Date Written: February 10, 2015


This paper analyses whether the German National Socialists used economic policies to reward their voters after their rise to power in 1933. Using data on public employment in the armed forces, public administrations and related professions from the German occupational censuses in 1925, 1933 and 1939 and addressing the potential endogeneity of the National Socialist vote share in 1933 by way of an instrumental variables strategy based on a similar party in Imperial Germany 1912, I find that cities with higher National Socialist vote shares experienced a relative increase in public employment: for every additional percentage point in the vote share, the number of public employment jobs increased by around 3.5 percent. When measured relative to the total population, a one standard-deviation increase in the 1933 vote share led to an increase in the share of public employment of a quarter of a standard deviation.

Keywords: political connections, public employment, political economy, Nazi regime

JEL Classification: D72, D73, N44, N94

Suggested Citation

Maurer, Stephan, Voting Behaviour and Public Employment in Nazi Germany (February 10, 2015). CEP Discussion Paper No. 1326, Available at SSRN: or

Stephan Maurer (Contact Author)

Department of Economics, University of Konstanz ( email )

Box D124
Konstanz, BW 78457


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