Privatization in China: Technology and Gender in the Manufacturing Sector

15 Pages Posted: 7 Feb 2015

See all articles by Ana Dammert

Ana Dammert

Carleton University

Beyza P. Ural Marchand

University of Alberta - Faculty of Arts

Date Written: April 2015

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of privatization on gender discrimination in China across firms with different technology intensities. Using a comprehensive firm‐level survey, the paper identifies gender wage‐productivity differentials by directly estimating the relative productivity levels of workers from the production function of firms. The panel structure of the survey is taken advantage of by following firms that were fully state‐owned in the initial year, and distinguishing them from firms that were later privatized. The main results show that privatization was associated with an increase in relative productivity of female workers in high technology industries, and a reduction in relative productivity of female workers in low technology industries. Time varying coefficient results suggest that the improvements in gender outcomes in high technology industries may not be maintained in the long run as the relative wage and productivity ratios tend to deteriorate, potentially due to low supply of highly educated female workers. At the same time, outcomes in privatized low technology industries increase over time, lowering the wage and productivity gaps between male and female workers.

JEL Classification: J16, J31, P20

Suggested Citation

Dammert, Ana and Ural Marchand, Beyza P., Privatization in China: Technology and Gender in the Manufacturing Sector (April 2015). Contemporary Economic Policy, Vol. 33, Issue 2, pp. 250-264, 2015, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2561636 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/coep.12071

Ana Dammert (Contact Author)

Carleton University ( email )

1125 colonel By Drive
Ottawa, Ontario K1S 5B6
Canada

Beyza P. Ural Marchand

University of Alberta - Faculty of Arts ( email )

Edmonton, Alberta
Canada

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