Conflict in Africa: The Cost of Peaceful Behaviour

UNU-WIDER working papers 08/2001; 51.

Posted: 20 Nov 2014

See all articles by Tony Addison

Tony Addison

United Nations University

Philippe Le Billon

University of British Columbia (UBC) - Department of Geography; University of British Columbia (UBC) - Liu Institute for Global Issues

Syed Mansoob Murshed

Institute of Social Studies (ISS)

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Date Written: August 2001

Abstract

War provides economic opportunities, such as the capture of valuable natural resources, that are unavailable in peacetime. However, belligerents may prefer low-intensity conflict to total war when the former has a greater pay-off. The paper therefore uses a two-actor model to capture the continuum from total war to complete peace that often characterises Africa's conflicts. This is in contrast to the existing literature with its focus on mutually exclusive states of total war or complete peace, an assumption which is more relevant to Europe's inter-state wars than to Africa's civil wars. The paper also discusses changes in the economic incentives of belligerents that may induce peaceful behaviour.

Suggested Citation

Addison, Tony and Le Billon, Philippe and Murshed, Syed Mansoob, Conflict in Africa: The Cost of Peaceful Behaviour (August 2001). UNU-WIDER working papers 08/2001; 51. , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2528075

Tony Addison (Contact Author)

United Nations University ( email )

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Philippe Le Billon

University of British Columbia (UBC) - Department of Geography ( email )

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Syed Mansoob Murshed

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