Omitted Variables Bias in Regime-Switching Models with Slope-Constrained Estimators: Evidence from Monte Carlo Simulations
Journal of Statistical and Econometric Methods 2, No. 3 (September 2013): 49-55
7 Pages Posted: 15 Nov 2014
Date Written: 2013
In a recent study, Beccarini showed that one can eliminate or reduce the bias in OLS regression estimators caused by an omitted polychotomous variable by estimating a regime-switching model. If the missing polychotomous variable assumes K values, then elimination or reduction of the bias requires the estimation of a K-component mixture model. In his Monte Carlo simulations, however, the slope of the parameter of interest is estimated once for each of the K components. After discussing problems associated with multiple estimates of the parameter of interest, this paper extends Beccarini’s Monte Carlo analysis to include the slope-constrained estimator obtained by using the EM algorithm of Bartolucci and Scaccia. We find a small gain in efficiency with the slope-constrained estimator and that the weighted-average estimator in Beccarini produces a large number of rejections of the true null hypothesis of a single slope when the components are not widely separated.
Keywords: omitted variables bias, regime-switching models, slope-constrained estimators, Monte Carlo simulations
JEL Classification: C15, C40
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation