Conflict in Africa: The Cost of Peaceful Behaviour

Journal of African Economies 11(3):365-386. (2002) DOI: 10.1093/jae/11.3.365

Posted: 28 Oct 2014

See all articles by Tony Addison

Tony Addison

United Nations University

Syed Mansoob Murshed

Institute of Social Studies (ISS)

Philippe Le Billon

University of British Columbia (UBC) - Department of Geography; University of British Columbia (UBC) - Liu Institute for Global Issues

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Date Written: February 2002

Abstract

War provides economic opportunities, such as the capture of valuable natural resources, that are unavailable in peacetime. However, belligerents may prefer low-intensity conflict to total war when the former has a greater pay-off. This paper therefore uses a two-actor model to capture the continuum from total war to complete peace that often characterises Africa's conflicts. This is in contrast to the existing literature, with its focus on mutually exclusive states of total war or complete peace, an assumption which is more relevant to Europe's inter-state wars than to Africa's civil wars. The paper also discusses ways to change the economic incentives of belligerents so that their behaviour becomes more peaceful.

Suggested Citation

Addison, Tony and Murshed, Syed Mansoob and Le Billon, Philippe, Conflict in Africa: The Cost of Peaceful Behaviour (February 2002). Journal of African Economies 11(3):365-386. (2002) DOI: 10.1093/jae/11.3.365 , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2515260

Tony Addison (Contact Author)

United Nations University ( email )

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Syed Mansoob Murshed

Institute of Social Studies (ISS) ( email )

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Philippe Le Billon

University of British Columbia (UBC) - Department of Geography ( email )

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University of British Columbia (UBC) - Liu Institute for Global Issues

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