An Empirical Examination of Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) in West Africa

Euro-Asia Journal of Economics and Finance, vol 3 Issue 1

16 Pages Posted: 22 Oct 2014

Date Written: June 20, 2014

Abstract

This study aims to examine the relationship between income and environmental degradation in West Africa and ascertain the validity of EKC hypothesis in the region. The study adopted a panel data approach for fifteen West Africa countries for the period 1980-2012. The available results from our estimation procedure confirmed the EKC theory in the region. At early development stages, pollution rises with income and reaching a turning point, pollution dwindles with increasing income; as indicated by the significant inverse relation between income and environmental degradation. Consequently, literacy level and sound institutional arrangement were found to contribute significantly in mitigating the extent of environmental degradation. Among notable recommendation is the need for awareness campaign on environment abatement and adaptation strategies, strengthening of institutions to caution production and dumping pollution emitting commodities and encourage adoption of cleaner technologies.

Keywords: Environmental Kuznets Curve, Pollution, West Africa, Panel Data

JEL Classification: Q51, Q53, N57, C33

Suggested Citation

Oshin, Simisola and Ogundipe, Adeyemi, An Empirical Examination of Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) in West Africa (June 20, 2014). Euro-Asia Journal of Economics and Finance, vol 3 Issue 1 , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2512136

Simisola Oshin

Independent ( email )

Adeyemi Ogundipe (Contact Author)

Covenant University ( email )

Canaanland
Km 10 Idiroko road
Ota, 24001
Nigeria
+2348161927372 (Phone)

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