Asset Freezing: Smart Sanction or Criminal Charge?

Merkourious: Utrecht Journal of International and European Law 2011, p. 18-27

10 Pages Posted: 1 Aug 2014

See all articles by Melissa van den Broek

Melissa van den Broek

Utrecht University - School of Law

Monique Hazelhorst

Erasmus School of Law; Utrecht University - School of Law

Wouter de Zanger

Utrecht University - School of Law

Abstract

In this article the question is asked whether asset freezing can be qualified as a criminal charge within the meaning of Article 6 ECHR and if yes, what effects this qualification may have on the legislative framework on so called smart sanctions. By analysing Community and EU law and case law of the European Court of Human Rights, General Court of Instance and Court of Justice of the European Communities the authors give an overview of the notion and possible qualification of asset freezing as a criminal charge. The article further focusses on the consequenses of qualifying asset freezing as a criminal charge under ECHR and EC/EU law and concludes by answering the aforementioned question.

Keywords: asset freezing, smart sanction, criminal charge, article 6 ECHR

Suggested Citation

van den Broek, Melissa and Hazelhorst, Monique and de Zanger, Wouter, Asset Freezing: Smart Sanction or Criminal Charge?. Merkourious: Utrecht Journal of International and European Law 2011, p. 18-27, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2474106 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2474106

Melissa Van den Broek

Utrecht University - School of Law ( email )

3508 TC Utrecht
Utrecht
Netherlands

Monique Hazelhorst

Erasmus School of Law ( email )

3000 DR Rotterdam
Netherlands

Utrecht University - School of Law ( email )

3508 TC Utrecht
Utrecht
Netherlands

Wouter De Zanger (Contact Author)

Utrecht University - School of Law ( email )

3508 TC Utrecht
Utrecht
Netherlands

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