The Long-Term Effects of Civil Conflicts on Education, Earnings and Fertility: Evidence from Cambodia
40 Pages Posted: 29 Jul 2014
Date Written: July 28, 2014
This paper examines the long-term effects of exposure to civil war and genocide on the educational attainment and labor productivity of individuals in Cambodia. Given the well-documented causal links between schooling and labor productivity, it is surprising that past studies show that civil conflicts reduce educational attainment, but generally not earnings of individuals. Using variation in the degree of Cambodians’ exposure to civil conflicts during primary school age, we find that disruption to primary education during civil conflicts decreases educational attainment and earnings, increases fertility and has negligible effects on health of individuals several decades later. Our findings suggest that the effect of conflict on schooling disruption has adverse consequences on long-term labour productivity and economic development.
Keywords: Civil conflict, genocide, fertility, returns to schooling
JEL Classification: I21, J24, O12, N35
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