The Levelling Effect of Product Market Competition on Gender Wage Discrimination

26 Pages Posted: 19 Jul 2014

See all articles by Boris Hirsch

Boris Hirsch

University of Erlangen-Nuremberg

Michael Oberfichtner

University of Erlangen-Nuremberg-Friedrich Alexander Universität Erlangen Nürnberg

Claus Schnabel

University of Erlangen-Nuremberg; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

Using linked employer-employee panel data for West Germany that include direct information on the competition faced by plants, we investigate the effect of product market competition on the gender pay gap. Controlling for match fixed effects we find that intensified competition significantly lowers the unexplained gap in plants with neither collective agreements nor a works council. Conversely, there is no effect in plants with these types of worker codetermination, which are unlikely to have enough discretion to adjust wages in the short run. We also document a larger competition effect in plants with few females in their workforces. Our findings are in line with Beckerian taste-based employer wage discrimination that is limited by competitive forces.

Keywords: gender pay gap, discrimination, product market competition

JEL Classification: J16, J31, J71

Suggested Citation

Hirsch, Boris and Oberfichtner, Michael and Schnabel, Claus, The Levelling Effect of Product Market Competition on Gender Wage Discrimination. IZA Discussion Paper No. 8317, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2468493

Boris Hirsch (Contact Author)

University of Erlangen-Nuremberg ( email )

Schloßplatz 4
Erlangen, DE Bavaria 91054
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.arbeitsmarkt.wiso.uni-erlangen.de/english/hirsch_e.htm

Michael Oberfichtner

University of Erlangen-Nuremberg-Friedrich Alexander Universität Erlangen Nürnberg ( email )

Schloßplatz 4
Erlangen, DE 91054
Germany

Claus Schnabel

University of Erlangen-Nuremberg ( email )

Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung
Lange Gasse 20
D-90403 Nuernberg
Germany
+49 911 5302 330 (Phone)
+49 911 5302 721 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.arbeitsmarkt.rw.fau.de/english-version/staff/prof-dr-claus-schnabel/

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Schaumburg-Lippe-Str. 7 / 9
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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