Organized Crime and National Security
Korean Institute of Criminology Research Report Series 13-B-01 Information Society and Cybercrime: Challenges for Criminology and Criminal Justice., Seoul. pp.19-30
18 Pages Posted: 11 Jul 2014
Date Written: July 1, 2014
While much of cybercrime is committed by individuals acting alone, a significant amount is accomplished by offenders acting in concert. These groups have tended to vary significantly in terms of their structures, their goals, the criminal activities in which they engage, and their organizational life courses. The nature of these collectivities, and the question of whether organized cybercrime constitutes a national security threat, are the subjects of this essay. The answer will depend on one’s definitions of "national security" and "organized cybercrime." Each of these concepts is problematic; the meaning of national security has been stretched significantly in recent years, while conceptions of organized crime (terrestrial or in cyberspace) have been overly narrow. The essay concludes that some forms of organized cybercrime can indeed threaten national security, both in a more conventional sense and in ways previously overlooked.
Keywords: Cyber crime, national security, organized crime, regulation and governance, organized cyber crime
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