Sistemas Electorales Y Partidos Políticos En Colombia (Electoral Systems and Politics Parties in Colombia)

23 Pages Posted: 28 Jun 2014

See all articles by Luis Velez

Luis Velez

Universidad EAFIT - School of Economics and Finance - Center for Research in Economic & Finance (CIEF)

Date Written: August 8, 2008

Abstract

Spanish Abstract: Esta proliferación partidista es completamente ajena a la tradición política del País y parece estar asociada a los cambios en el sistema electoral derivados de la Constitución de 1991. Desde mediados del siglo XIX, época en la que se acostumbra situar el nacimiento de los partidos liberal y conservador, la vida política colombiana estuvo dominada por un sólido bipartidismo apenas perturbado por el republicanismo de Carlos E. Restrepo, el unirismo de Gaitán y el anapismo de Rojas Pinilla. La Constitución del 91 introdujo cambios en el régimen político y en el sistema electoral que, al parecer, modificaron la conducta de los agentes políticos y llevaron, consecuencia no buscada, a la fractura del bipartidismo y a la proliferación partidista que alcanzó su máxima expresión en las elecciones legislativas de 2002.

English Abstract: After the 1991 Constitution in Colombia, the country experienced a proliferation of political parties which was associated with the changes introduced by the new Constitution to de electoral system. Since the middle of XIX Century, time when is used to locate the creation of the two traditional parties, Liberals and Conservatives, the Colombian political life was characterized by a solid two-parties system lightly concerned by Carlos E. Restrepo’s Republicanism, Gaitan´s urinismo and Rojas Pinilla´s Anapismo. In consequence the changes introduced by 1991 Constitution modify political agents behavior, deriving on a non-foresee fracture of the traditional two-parties system and the political parties proliferations that reached its maximum on the legislative elections of 2002.

Note: Downloadable document is in Spanish.

Keywords: Partidos Políticos, Sistemas electorales, reformas políticas

JEL Classification: B1, Z1

Suggested Citation

Velez, Luis, Sistemas Electorales Y Partidos Políticos En Colombia (Electoral Systems and Politics Parties in Colombia) (August 8, 2008). Center for Research in Economics and Finance (CIEF), Working Papers, No. 08-17, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2459624 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2459624

Luis Velez (Contact Author)

Universidad EAFIT - School of Economics and Finance - Center for Research in Economic & Finance (CIEF) ( email )

Carrera 49 No. 7 South - 50
Bogotá
Colombia

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