New Scanner Data for Brand Marketers: How Neuroscience Can Help Better Understand Differences in Brand Preferences
Journal of Consumer Psychology 22 (2012) 143–153
11 Pages Posted: 30 Apr 2014 Last revised: 31 Dec 2016
Date Written: November 17, 2011
A core goal for marketers is effective segmentation: partitioning a brand's or product's consumer base into distinct and meaningful groups with differing needs. Traditional segmentation data include factors like geographic location, demographics, and shopping history. Yet, research into the cognitive and affective processes underlying consumption decisions shows that these variables can improve the matching of consumers with products beyond traditional demographic and benefit approaches. We propose, using managing a brand as an example, that neuroscience provides a novel way to establish mappings between cognitive processes and traditional marketing data. An improved understanding of the neural mechanisms of decision making will enhance the ability of marketers to effectively market their products. Just as neuroscience can model potential influences on the decision process — including pricing, choice strategy, context, experience, and memory — it can also provide new insights into individual differences in consumption behavior and brand preferences. We outline such a research agenda for incorporating neuroscience data into future attempts to match consumers to brands.
Keywords: Brands, Choice, fMRI, Marketing, Neuromarketing, Neuroscience
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