Interorganizational Geographical Proximity and Local Start-Ups’ Knowledge Acquisition: A Contingency Approach
Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 2013, Volume 25, Issue 5-6, Pages 446-467
Posted: 8 Mar 2014
Date Written: March 6, 2014
Entrepreneurship studies offer conflicting answers to a key research question: What impact does geographic proximity have on the process of knowledge acquisition by start-ups? This study proposes a new, dynamic framework of three interrelated factors that may moderate this impact; it anticipates that the importance of local and distant knowledge networks depends on the life-cycle stages reached by both start-ups and industrial clusters, as well as on the dyadic relationships between local start-ups and their business partners. Some additional variables help strengthen the conceptual model and the key research propositions. This study thus offers a new perspective on entrepreneurship research, namely, the configuration of start-ups in both spatial and social contexts. Such a view offers two substantial benefits: a greater understanding of the role played by geographical proximity in knowledge acquisition and an impetus for further empirical research in this field. This article concludes with various implications of the proposed model for both theoretical and managerial purposes.
Keywords: knowledge, start-ups, industrial cluster, geographical proximity, inter-organizational networks
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation