Decomposition of Gender Differentials in Agricultural Productivity in Ethiopia

54 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016 Last revised: 2 Jun 2020

See all articles by Arturo A Aguilar

Arturo A Aguilar

Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México (ITAM)

Markus Goldstein

World Bank

Talip Kilic

World Bank - Development Data Group (DECDG)

Gbemisola Oseni

World Bank

Gbemisola Oseni Siwatu

World Bank

Date Written: January 1, 2014

Abstract

This paper employs decomposition methods to analyze differences in agricultural productivity between male and female land managers in Ethiopia. It employs data from the 2011-2012 Ethiopian Rural Socioeconomic Survey. An overall 23.4 percent gender differential in agricultural productivity is estimated at the mean in favor of male land managers, of which 10.1 percentage points are explained by differences in land manager characteristics, land attributes, and unequal access to resources (the endowment effect). The remaining 13.4 percentage points are explained by unequal returns to productive components, but cannot be easily tied to specific covariates. These results are mainly driven by non-married female managers (mainly single and divorced). Married female managers do not display such disadvantages. Further analysis along the productivity distribution reveals that gender differentials are more pronounced at mid-levels of productivity and that the share of the gender gap explained by the endowment effect declines as productivity increases. Detailed decomposition of estimates at selected points of the agricultural productivity distribution provides valuable information for policy intervention purposes.

Keywords: Gender and Development, Climate Change and Agriculture, Crops and Crop Management Systems, Inequality, Food Security

Suggested Citation

Aguilar, Arturo A and Goldstein, Markus P. and Kilic, Talip and Oseni, Gbemisola and Siwatu, Gbemisola Oseni, Decomposition of Gender Differentials in Agricultural Productivity in Ethiopia (January 1, 2014). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6764, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2390369

Arturo A Aguilar (Contact Author)

Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México (ITAM) ( email )

Av. Camino a Sta. Teresa 930
Col. Héroes de Padierna
Mexico City, D.F. 01000, Federal District 01080
Mexico

Markus P. Goldstein

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Talip Kilic

World Bank - Development Data Group (DECDG) ( email )

Via Labicana 110
Rome, Lazio 00184
Italy

Gbemisola Oseni

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Gbemisola Oseni Siwatu

World Bank

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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