Left-Behind Children and Return Decisions of Rural Migrants in China

52 Pages Posted: 4 Dec 2013

See all articles by Sylvie Démurger

Sylvie Démurger

University of Lyon 2 - Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique (GATE)

Hui Xu

University of Lyon 2 - Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique (GATE)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Abstract

This paper examines how left-behind children influence return migration in China. We first present a simple illustrative model based on Dustmann (2003) that incorporates economic and non-economic motives for migration duration (or intentions to return), among which are parents' concerns about the well-being of their left-behind children. We then propose two complementary empirical tests based on data we collected from rural households in Wuwei county (Anhui province) in fall 2008.We first use a discrete-time proportional hazard model to estimate the determinants of migration duration for both on-going migrants with an incomplete length of duration and return migrants with a complete length of duration. Second, we apply a binary Probit model to study the return intentions of on-going migrants. Both models yield consistent results regarding the role of left-behind children as a significant motive for return. First, left-behind children are found to draw their parents back to the village, the effect being stronger for pre-school children. Second, sons are found to play a more important role than daughters in reducing migration duration.

Keywords: left-behind children, migration duration, return migration, discrete-time duration analysis, China

JEL Classification: J61, J13, C41, C25, O53

Suggested Citation

Démurger, Sylvie and Xu, Hui, Left-Behind Children and Return Decisions of Rural Migrants in China. IZA Discussion Paper No. 7727, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2363214

Sylvie Démurger (Contact Author)

University of Lyon 2 - Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique (GATE) ( email )

93, chemin des Mouilles
Ecully, 69130
France
(33 4) 72 86 61 05 (Phone)
(33 4) 72 86 60 90 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.gate.cnrs.fr/spip.php?article22

Hui Xu

University of Lyon 2 - Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique (GATE) ( email )

93, chemin des Mouilles
Ecully, 69130
France

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
68
Abstract Views
781
rank
144,603
PlumX Metrics