Economic Insecurity and Fertility Intentions: The Case of Italy

41 Pages Posted: 22 Nov 2013

See all articles by Francesca Modena

Francesca Modena

University of Trento - Department of Economics and Management; Euricse

Concetta Rondinelli

Bank of Italy

Fabio Sabatini

Sapienza University of Rome - Department of Economics and Law; Euricse

Date Written: September 20, 2013

Abstract

Starting from the assumption that economic insecurity is a key factor behind childbearing decisions, we empirically assess how fertility intentions are affected by job instability, which may severely compromise the employment status of workers, and economic disadvantages in terms of household income and wealth. We show that the instability of women’s work status (i.e. the holding of occasional and precarious jobs) significantly postpones maternity decisions for medium/high level income households; the chances of further childbirth are significantly and negatively affected by household income insecurity. Finally, low levels of household wealth influence the decision of having a first child.

Keywords: economic insecurity, income, wealth, fertility, childbearing, employment instability, precarious employment, Italy

JEL Classification: C25, J13

Suggested Citation

Modena, Francesca and Rondinelli, Concetta and Sabatini, Fabio, Economic Insecurity and Fertility Intentions: The Case of Italy (September 20, 2013). Bank of Italy Temi di Discussione (Working Paper) No. 931, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2358450 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2358450

Francesca Modena

University of Trento - Department of Economics and Management ( email )

Via Inama 5
Trento, I-38100
Italy

Euricse ( email )

Via S. Giovanni 36
38122 Trento (TN)
Italy

Concetta Rondinelli (Contact Author)

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Fabio Sabatini

Sapienza University of Rome - Department of Economics and Law ( email )

Piazzale Aldo Moro 5
Roma, Rome 00185
Italy

Euricse ( email )

Via S. Giovanni 36
38122 Trento (TN)
Italy

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