Manufacturing Back-Shoring and the Global Fragmentation of Production: What it is Changing after the Financial Crisis?

40th Acdemy of International Business UK & Ireland Chapter 2013, Aston Business School, Birmingham, United Kingdom, 21-23 March 2013

31 Pages Posted: 1 Oct 2013

See all articles by Luciano Fratocchi

Luciano Fratocchi

University of L’Aquila

Guido Nassimbeni

Università degli Studi di Udine

Marco Sartor

Università degli Studi di Udine

Alessandro Ancarani

University of Catania

Carmela Di Mauro

University of Catania

Andrea Zanoni

University of Bologna - School of Economics, Management, and Statistics

Paolo Barbieri

University of Bologna - Department of Management

Matteo Vignoli

Università degli studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia (UNIMORE)

Date Written: January 31, 2013

Abstract

Over the past five years, use of the term “back-shoring” (and of its apparent synonyms) has multiplied dramatically, especially in economics journalism and in consulting firms’ white papers. More recently, the topic has prompted academic investigation too, despite the lack of reliable data. This paper aims to establish the importance of manufacturing back-shoring, especially in the wake of the financial crisis, and to promote research on this topic within the international business scientific community. To this end, we conducted an in-depth analysis of both the academic and the practitioner’s literature, and now propose an operational definition of back-shoring. Given the paucity of currently available data, we base the following discussion on the evidence provided by our inter-University research group database, which contains 230 operational observations on back-shoring activities enacted by manufacturers with a global sales profile. Furthermore, we focus on 50 operations implemented by Italian companies and compare them with analogous operations effected by German firms and already described in the literature.

Our review of the literature analysis of readily available evidence clearly demonstrates that further multi-method and multi-disciplinary research is needed.

Keywords: back-shoring, re-shoring, on-shoring, in-shoring, near-shoring, internationalization manufacturing, de-internationalization, foreign divestment

JEL Classification: F21, F23

Suggested Citation

Fratocchi, Luciano and Nassimbeni, Guido and Sartor, Marco and Ancarani, Alessandro and Di Mauro, Carmela and Zanoni, Andrea and Barbieri, Paolo and Vignoli, Matteo, Manufacturing Back-Shoring and the Global Fragmentation of Production: What it is Changing after the Financial Crisis? (January 31, 2013). 40th Acdemy of International Business UK & Ireland Chapter 2013, Aston Business School, Birmingham, United Kingdom, 21-23 March 2013 , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2333111

Luciano Fratocchi (Contact Author)

University of L’Aquila ( email )

Località Monteluco di Roio, 67040
L’Aquila
Italy

Guido Nassimbeni

Università degli Studi di Udine ( email )

Via Tarcisio Petracco, Palazzo antonini, 8
Udine, 33100
Italy

Marco Sartor

Università degli Studi di Udine ( email )

Via Tarcisio Petracco, Palazzo antonini, 8
Udine, 33100
Italy

Alessandro Ancarani

University of Catania ( email )

Monastero dei Benedettini
Piazza dante 32
95124 Catania, Sicily 95124
Italy

Carmela Di Mauro

University of Catania ( email )

Monastero dei Benedettini
Piazza dante 32
95124 Catania, Sicily 95124
Italy

Andrea Zanoni

University of Bologna - School of Economics, Management, and Statistics ( email )

Piazza Scaravilli 1
40126 Bologna, fc 47100
Italy

Paolo Barbieri

University of Bologna - Department of Management ( email )

Piazza Scaravilli 1
Bologna, Bologna 40126
Italy

Matteo Vignoli

Università degli studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia (UNIMORE) ( email )

Viale A. Allegri 9
42121

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