The Causal Effect of Retirement on Mortality: Evidence from Targeted Incentives to Retire Early

41 Pages Posted: 31 Aug 2013

See all articles by Hans Bloemen

Hans Bloemen

VU University Amsterdam; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Tinbergen Institute; Netspar

Stefan Hochguertel

VU University Amsterdam; Tinbergen Institute

Jochem Zweerink

Utrecht University

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Abstract

This paper identifies and estimates the impact of early retirement on the probability to die within five years, using administrative micro panel data covering the entire population of the Netherlands. Among the older workers we focus on, a group of civil servants became eligible for retirement earlier than expected during a short time window. This exogenous policy change is used to instrument the retirement choice in a model that explains the probability to die within five years. Exploiting the panel structure of our data, we allow for unobserved heterogeneity by way of individual fixed effects in modeling the retirement choice and the probability to die. We find for men that early retirement, induced by the temporary decrease in the age of eligibility for retirement benefits, decreased the probability to die within five years by 2.5 percentage points. This is a strong effect. We find that our results are robust to several specification changes.

Keywords: instruments, retirement, mortality

JEL Classification: C26, I1, J26

Suggested Citation

Bloemen, Hans and Hochguertel, Stefan and Zweerink, Jochem, The Causal Effect of Retirement on Mortality: Evidence from Targeted Incentives to Retire Early. IZA Discussion Paper No. 7570, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2318751

Hans Bloemen (Contact Author)

VU University Amsterdam ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
Amsterdam, ND North Holland 1081 HV
Netherlands

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Schaumburg-Lippe-Str. 7 / 9
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Tinbergen Institute

Gustav Mahlerplein 117
Amsterdam, 1082 MS
Netherlands

Netspar

P.O. Box 90153
Tilburg, 5000 LE
Netherlands

Stefan Hochguertel

VU University Amsterdam ( email )

Dept Econ (FEWEB)
De Boelelaan 1105
1081HV Amsterdam
Netherlands
+31 20 59 86033 (Phone)
+31 20 59 89870 (Fax)

Tinbergen Institute

Gustav Mahlerplein 117
Amsterdam, 1082 MS
Netherlands

Jochem Zweerink

Utrecht University ( email )

Kriekenpitplein 21-22
Utrecht, Utrecht 3584 EC
Netherlands

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