Chinese University Patents: Quantity, Quality, and the Role of Subsidy Programs

35 Pages Posted: 1 Aug 2013 Last revised: 28 Jun 2015

See all articles by Christian Fisch

Christian Fisch

University of Trier - Faculty of Management; Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Department of Applied Economics; Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM)

Jorn H. Block

University of Trier - Faculty of Management; Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Institute of Management (ERIM)

Philipp G. Sandner

Frankfurt School of Finance & Management

Date Written: July 31, 2013

Abstract

Chinese university patenting has gained importance in recent years. Using a comprehensive dataset of university patents by 155 leading Chinese universities from 1991 to 2009, our study pursues two objectives: First, we analyze the quantity and quality of patents filed by leading Chinese universities. Second, we analyze the role of subsidy programs with regard to university patenting in China. With regard to the first objective, our results show that university patents witnessed rapid growth in terms of quantity while patent quality did not increase to a similar degree. Regarding the second objective, we find that a subsidy program to promote research excellence at selected universities is a significant driver of patent quantity and quality. In contrast, a subsidy program that decreases the costs of patent applications seems to enhance patent quantity but not patent quality. We conclude that innovation policies which aim to stimulate patents of higher quality should focus primarily on increasing university R&D, and to a lesser extent on decreasing the costs of university patenting.

Keywords: University patenting, China, patent quantity, patent quality, subsidy programs, Project 985

JEL Classification: C23, O34, O53

Suggested Citation

Fisch, Christian and Block, Jorn Hendrich and Sandner, Philipp, Chinese University Patents: Quantity, Quality, and the Role of Subsidy Programs (July 31, 2013). Journal of Technology Transfer, Vol. 40, No. 2, pp. 318-345, 2015, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2304224 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2304224

Christian Fisch (Contact Author)

University of Trier - Faculty of Management ( email )

Universitätring 15
Trier, 54296
Germany
0049 651 2013033 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.unternehmensfuehrung.uni-trier.de

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Department of Applied Economics ( email )

Netherlands

Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM) ( email )

P.O. Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam
Netherlands

Jorn Hendrich Block

University of Trier - Faculty of Management ( email )

D-54296
Germany

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Institute of Management (ERIM) ( email )

Burgemeester Oudlaan 50
3000 DR Rotterdam, Zuid-Holland 3062PA
Netherlands

Philipp Sandner

Frankfurt School of Finance & Management ( email )

Adickesallee 32-34
Frankfurt am Main, 60322
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.philipp-sandner.de

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