Civil Society Groups (CSGs) and the Democratization Process in Nigeria, 1960-2007
International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, Vol. 71, 2016, pp. 1-5
12 Pages Posted: 22 Jul 2013 Last revised: 31 Jul 2016
Date Written: July 20, 2013
This paper analyses the significant role the civil society groups (CSGs) played in the democratization process of Nigeria between 1960 and 2007. The paper discovers that the CSGs made use of conceptual mechanism in the democratization process of Nigeria. The conceptual mechanism allowed the CSGs to inject such important concepts as accountability, rule of law, democracy, transparency, human rights and due process into the democratization process between 1960 and 2007. These concepts were used to tackle some of the major democratization challenges, such as corruption, religious crisis and governance that confronted Nigeria between 1960 and 2007. The paper analyses the crucial role the CSGs played in both the civilian and military administrations that governed Nigeria between 1960 and 2007. The central thrust of the paper is twofold. The first is to show how the CSGs contributed to the enthronement of democracy and democratic practices in Nigeria. And the second is to show how the CSGs contributed to the sustenance of democracy in Nigeria.
Keywords: Democratization, Democracy, Nigeria, Governance, Civil Society Groups
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