Decentralization in Zimbabwe

8 Pages Posted: 24 Oct 2013

See all articles by Frances Stewart

Frances Stewart

University of Oxford - Department of Economics

Jeni Klugman

United Nations Development Programme - HDRO

A. H. J. Helmsing

Institute of Social Studies of the Erasmus University Rotterdam

Date Written: September 1, 1994

Abstract

Zimbabwe has achieved impressive strides in human development since independence, as reflected by improvements in such indicators as literacy, child mortality and life expectancy which stand well above regional averages (see table 1). Access to services important for human development also compares favourably with countries of the region. For example, combined primary and secondary enrollment ratios stood at 95% by 1986-88. These achievements reflect a substantial restructuring of public expenditures since independence towards priority social services and away from defence. Nonetheless, the country remains amongst the "low human development" group as classified by the 1992 Human Development Report. Improved performance is especially urgent in certain areas, including economic growth, daily calorie supply as percentage of requirements and maternal mortality rates. Serious disparities in human development indicators and access to services persist, reflecting the continuing impact of past discrimination.

Keywords: human development, development, measurement, HDR, HDRO, UNDP, HDI

Suggested Citation

Stewart, Frances and Klugman, Jeni and Helmsing, A. H. J., Decentralization in Zimbabwe (September 1, 1994). UNDP Human Development Report Office Paper No. 15, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2294646 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2294646

Frances Stewart (Contact Author)

University of Oxford - Department of Economics ( email )

Manor Road Building
Oxford, OX1 3BJ, Oxfordshire OX13UQ
United Kingdom

Jeni Klugman

United Nations Development Programme - HDRO ( email )

304 east 45th street
New York, NY New York 10017
United States

A. H. J. Helmsing

Institute of Social Studies of the Erasmus University Rotterdam ( email )

PO Box 29776
2502 LT The Hague, 2518 AX
Netherlands

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
73
Abstract Views
523
rank
381,612
PlumX Metrics