Urbanization, Health and Human Stature

12 Pages Posted: 8 May 2013

See all articles by Julianne Treme

Julianne Treme

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Lee A. Craig

North Carolina State University - Department of Economics

Date Written: May 2013

Abstract

Economic growth has not always generated improvements in a population's health. Biological indicators of human well‐being, including stature, suggest the march to prosperity was not a steady one, and these biological indicators offer estimates of the health costs associated with modern economic growth. We employ an international data set to study the socioeconomic benefits and health costs associated with the transition to modern economic growth during the nineteenth century. We find that while the growth of GDP per capita had a positive impact on the stature of Western populations, prior to the mastery of the germ theory of disease, urbanization had a strong negative impact.

Keywords: nutrition, public health, standard of living, stature

JEL Classification: I12, I18, N31, N33, O40

Suggested Citation

Treme, Julianne and Craig, Lee A., Urbanization, Health and Human Stature (May 2013). Bulletin of Economic Research, Vol. 65, pp. s130-s141, 2013, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2262153 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8586.2011.00425.x

Julianne Treme (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Lee A. Craig

North Carolina State University - Department of Economics ( email )

Raleigh, NC 27695-8110
United States

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