Nearest Neighbor Predictions of Realized Volatility for S&P 100 Options Trading
42 Pages Posted: 2 May 2013 Last revised: 11 Sep 2019
Date Written: July 23, 2013
The increasing availability of intraday financial data has led to improvements in daily volatility forecasting through long-memory models of realized volatility. This paper demonstrates the merit of the non-parametric Nearest Neighbor (NN) approach for S&P 100 realized variance forecasting. A priori the NN approach is appealing because it can reproduce complex dynamic dependencies while largely avoiding misspecification and parameter estimation uncertainty, unlike model-based methods. We evaluate the forecasts through straddle trading profitability metrics and using conventional statistical accuracy criteria. The ranking of individual forecasts confirms that statistical accuracy does not have a one-to-one mapping into profitability. In turbulent markets, the NN forecasts lead to higher risk-adjusted profitability even though the model-based forecasts are statistically superior. In both calm and turbulent market conditions, the directional combination of NN and model-based forecasts is more profitable than any of the individual forecasts.
Keywords: Realized variance, Volatility forecasting, Options trading, Long memory, Nonlinear dependence, Nearest neighbour, Non-parametric
JEL Classification: C22, C53, G15
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