The January Effect, Does Options Trading Matter?
Posted: 19 Apr 2013 Last revised: 2 May 2013
Date Written: April 10, 2013
This study examines the effect of options trading on the January effect in the period 1996-2009. The options market offers investors an alternative trading venue that circumvents several trading limitations in the equity market and hence enables a higher level of arbitrage activities. In a cross-sectional setting, we find that optioned stocks exhibit significantly lower risk-adjusted returns in January than non-optioned stocks. This effect is not attributed to firm size, illiquidity, or transaction costs. We also find that the January effect is not only smaller but also considerably more short-lived for optioned stocks than for non-optioned stocks. In a firm-specific setting, January risk-adjusted returns are found to be significantly lower in the post-options-listing period than in the pre-options-listing period. These findings support the proposition that options trading enhances information-based trading activities and hence improves the informational efficiency of the equity market.
Keywords: January effect, informational efficiency, options trading
JEL Classification: G10, G11, G12, G14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation