Human Rights, Labor, and the Prevention of Human Trafficking: A Response to a Labor Paradigm for Human Trafficking
UCLA Law Review Discourse, Vol. 60, pp. 142-158, 2013
18 Pages Posted: 2 Apr 2013 Last revised: 22 Apr 2013
Date Written: April 1, 2013
This Essay responds to an article by Hila Shamir previously published in the UCLA Law Review, in which she suggests that human rights has failed as a framework for addressing human trafficking and that instead a labor model would be more successful. Although her article identifies potentially important benefits of a labor perspective, the binary framework it establishes, pitting human rights and labor against each other, is counterproductive. Her article mischaracterizes the current antitrafficking framework and undervalues the importance of rights to a robust response to human trafficking. This Essay discusses the value of Professor Shamir’s labor paradigm and the role of human rights in antitrafficking responses. It then suggests that labor-based and human rights-based responses are not mutually exclusive, and that, ultimately, a successful response to human trafficking will need to incorporate strategies and methodologies from a range of perspectives.
Keywords: human trafficking, human rights, labor, criminal law, multisector
JEL Classification: D60, F22, I10, I30, J40, K30, K31, O10
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation