Exchange Rate of the US Dollar and the J Curve: The Case of Oil Exporting Countries
Energy Economics 25 (2003) 741-765.
Posted: 31 Mar 2013
Date Written: 2003
This study examines the effects of changes in the exchange rate of the US dollar on the trade balances of three oil-exporting countries, namely Iran, Venezuela and Saudi Arabia. An exchange rate pass-through model is applied to allow changes in the exchange rate of the dollar to affect prices of traded goods. Then, the impact of changes in prices on the quantities of imports and exports of these economies is estimated. The results suggest a partial exchange rate pass-through to these countries’ import and export prices in terms of the US dollar. While the three countries raise the price of their primary export (namely crude oil) in response to a depreciation of the dollar, Saudi Arabia’s long-run pricing strategy in securing a larger market share stands in contrast to that of the two other OPEC members. The sum of the estimated long-run price elasticities of demand for imports and exports is found to exceed unity for Iran and Venezuela, but less than unity for Saudi Arabia.
Keywords: Trade balance, J-curve, Invoicing currency, Exchange rate pass-through, Crude oil
JEL Classification: F31, F32, F14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation