Testing the Permanent-Income Hypothesis: New Evidence from West-German States (Länder)
Empirical Economics 31:613-629, 2006
Posted: 31 Mar 2013
Date Written: 2006
This paper investigates whether time-series data from 11 West-German states (Länder) provide evidence in accord with the implication of the permanent-income hypothesis (PIH) for the stochastic relationship between consumption and income innovations. The empirical results do not support this hypothesis, in the sense that the response of consumption to income innovations is found to be much weaker than is predicted by the PIH. Moreover, for each individual state as well as for Germany as a whole, the response was found to be asymmetric, being stronger for negative than positive income innovations. This evidence of asymmetry is consistent with a model in which consumers are liquidity constrained.
Keywords: Consumption, Permanent Income, West Germany
JEL Classification: E21
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