A Comparative Perspective on Italy's Human Capital Accumulation
57 Pages Posted: 16 Mar 2013
Date Written: October 2011
This paper reviews the evolution of educational institutions and outcomes over the 150 years since Italy's unification, and discusses their interaction with national and regional growth patterns. While initial educational conditions contributed to differentiate across regions the early industrial take off in the late 19th century, and formal education does not appear to have played a major role in the postwar economic boom, the slowdown of Italy's economy since the 1990s may be partly due to interactions between its traditionally low human capital intensity and new comparative advantage patterns, and to the deterioration since the 1970s of the educational system's organization.
Keywords: education systems, tracking, economic growth, regional convergence
JEL Classification: N30
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation