Why Did the Netherlands Develop so Early? The Legacy of the Brethren of the Common Life

73 Pages Posted: 2 Feb 2013

See all articles by Semih Akcomak

Semih Akcomak

TEKPOL-METU; UNU-MERIT

H. Dinand Webbink

University of Amsterdam - Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB)

Bas ter Weel

University of Amsterdam - SEO Economic Research; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Abstract

This research provides an explanation for high literacy, economic growth and societal developments in the Netherlands in the period before the Dutch Republic. We establish a link between the Brethren of the Common Life (BCL), a religious community founded by Geert Groote in the city of Deventer in the late fourteenth century, and the early development of the Netherlands. The BCL stimulated human capital accumulation by educating Dutch citizens without inducing animosity from the dominant Roman Catholic Church or other political rulers. Human capital had an impact on the structure of economic development in the period immediately after 1400. The educated workforce put pressure on the Habsburg monarchy leading to economic and religious resentment and eventually to the Revolt in 1572.The analyses show that the BCL contributed to the high rates of literacy in the Netherlands. In addition, there are positive effects of the BCL on book production and on city growth in the fifteenth and sixteenth century. Finally, we find that cities with BCL-roots were more likely to join the Dutch Revolt. These findings are supported by regressions that use distance to Deventer as an instrument for the presence of BCL. The results are robust to a number of alternative explanations.

Keywords: economic development, literacy, religion, societal change

JEL Classification: N33, N93, O15, J20

Suggested Citation

Akcomak, Semih and Webbink, H. Dinand and ter Weel, Bas, Why Did the Netherlands Develop so Early? The Legacy of the Brethren of the Common Life. IZA Discussion Paper No. 7167, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2210827

Semih Akcomak (Contact Author)

TEKPOL-METU ( email )

Ankara, 06531
Turkey

UNU-MERIT ( email )

P.O. Box 616
Maastricht, 6200 MD
Netherlands

H. Dinand Webbink

University of Amsterdam - Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB) ( email )

Roetersstraat 11
Amsterdam, 1018 WB
Netherlands

Bas Ter Weel

University of Amsterdam - SEO Economic Research ( email )

Roetersstraat 29
Amsterdam, 1018 WB
Netherlands

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
24
Abstract Views
427
PlumX Metrics