School Discipline: A Source or Salve for the Racial Achievement Gap?

29 Pages Posted: 24 Jan 2013

Date Written: February 2013

Abstract

Racial disparities in school discipline are believed to contribute to the persistent achievement gap between black and white students. In this article, I estimate the relationship between school discipline and achievement within a structural model, taking into account the spillover effects of disruptive behavior. I find that discipline has an overall positive influence on student performance and that the racial gap in discipline stemming from cross‐school variation in discipline policies is consistent with achievement maximization. Integrating schools can close both the discipline and achievement gaps; however, overall achievement is reduced since schools are less able to target their discipline policies.

Suggested Citation

Kinsler, Josh, School Discipline: A Source or Salve for the Racial Achievement Gap? (February 2013). International Economic Review, Vol. 54, Issue 1, pp. 355-383, 2013, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2206141 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2354.2012.00736.x

Josh Kinsler (Contact Author)

University of Georgia ( email )

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