Interpreting the Roles and Economic Importance of Cooperative Enterprises in a Historical Perspective

16 Pages Posted: 28 Dec 2012

See all articles by Vera Negri Zamagni

Vera Negri Zamagni

University of Bologna - School of Economics, Management, and Statistics

Date Written: December 21, 2012

Abstract

Cooperative enterprises have been in existence in all fields of economic activity for around 200 years, but they have tended to bunch in some sectors. This paper will examine which sectors have the most cooperatives at a world level, attempt to sketch out a typology and enquire into the reasons for this bunching. There are essentially four cooperative forms: Users cooperatives, Producers cooperatives,Workers cooperatives, and Social or community cooperatives. While workers cooperatives have received a disproportionate amount of attention from the theoretical literature, I argue that historically this has been the least successful type of cooperative and only recently has seen some revival in the service sector. The role of capital, management styles and intrinsic motivations will be considered to explain this historical evidence. The final section of the paper is devoted to drawing lessons from the historical material analyzed in the paper.

Keywords: cooperative enterprises, worker cooperatives, users cooperatives, instrinsic motivations, historical evidence

JEL Classification: J54, L31, N30, N60, N80, P13

Suggested Citation

Zamagni, Vera Negri, Interpreting the Roles and Economic Importance of Cooperative Enterprises in a Historical Perspective (December 21, 2012). Journal of Entrepreneurial and Organizational Diversity, Vol. 1, No. 1 (2012), 21-36, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2194289

Vera Negri Zamagni (Contact Author)

University of Bologna - School of Economics, Management, and Statistics ( email )

Piazza Scaravilli 1
40126 Bologna, fc 47100
Italy

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
408
Abstract Views
2,292
rank
86,776
PlumX Metrics