Exploiting Intraday and Overnight Price Variation for Daily VaR Prediction
31 Pages Posted: 18 Dec 2012
Date Written: October 1, 2012
This study investigates the practical importance of several VaR modeling and forecasting issues in the context of intraday stock returns. Value-at-Risk (VaR) predictions obtained from daily GARCH models extended with additional information such as the realized volatility and squared overnight returns, are confronted with those from ARFIMA realized volatility models. The out-of-sample evaluation is based on a novel difference-in-proportions test that exploits the frequency of individual VaR rejections and a block-bootstrap unconditional coverage test that is robust to estimation uncertainty and model risk. We find that the overnight surprise does not improve the out-of-sample forecastability of the next-day VaR but there is evidence that intraday jumps have forecasting potential. ARFIMA models produce better backtesting results than GARCH models but the latter fare better in terms of independence of the hits sequence. Encompassing tests further suggest that GARCH and ARFIMA models can be fruitfully combined to produce more competitive VaR measures. The techniques are illustrated for a small portfolio of large-cap stocks.
Keywords: Encompassing, High-frequency data, Model uncertainty, Realized volatility
JEL Classification: C52, C53, G15
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation