Is Innovative Firm Behavior Correlated with Age and Gender Composition of the Workforce? Evidence from a New Type of Data for German Enterprises

15 Pages Posted: 15 Dec 2012

See all articles by Christian Pfeifer

Christian Pfeifer

Leuphana University of Lueneburg; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Joachim Wagner

University of Lueneburg - Institute of Economics; Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Max Planck Institute for Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

This empirical research note documents the relationship between composition of a firm's workforce (with a special focus on age and gender) and its performance with respect to innovative activities (outlays and employment in research and development (R&D)) for a large representative sample of enterprises from manufacturing industries in Germany using unique newly available data. We find that firms with a higher share of older workers have significantly lower proportions of R&D outlays in total revenues and of R&D employment in total employment, whereas firms with a higher share of female employment seem to be more active in R&D.

Keywords: ageing, firm performance, gender, Germany, innovation, R&D

JEL Classification: D22, D24, J21, J24, L25

Suggested Citation

Pfeifer, Christian and Wagner, Joachim, Is Innovative Firm Behavior Correlated with Age and Gender Composition of the Workforce? Evidence from a New Type of Data for German Enterprises. IZA Discussion Paper No. 7050, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2189788

Christian Pfeifer (Contact Author)

Leuphana University of Lueneburg ( email )

Scharnhorststrasse 1
L√ľneburg, 21335
Germany

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Joachim Wagner

University of Lueneburg - Institute of Economics ( email )

PO Box 2440
D-21314 Luneburg
Germany
+49 4131 677 2330 (Phone)
+49 4131 677 2026 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.uni-lueneburg.de/wifo

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IZA Institute of Labor Economics

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Germany

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