Saving Lives at Birth: The Impact of Home Births on Infant Outcomes

53 Pages Posted: 7 Oct 2012

See all articles by N. Meltem Daysal

N. Meltem Daysal

Tilburg University; IZA

Mircea Trandafir

University of Southern Denmark - Department of Business and Economics

Reyn van Ewijk

Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz - Department of Economics

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Abstract

Many developed countries have recently experienced sharp increases in home birth rates. This paper investigates the impact of home births on the health of low-risk newborns using data from the Netherlands, the only developed country where home births are widespread. To account for endogeneity in location of birth, we exploit the exogenous variation in distance from a mother's residence to the closest hospital. We find that giving birth in a hospital leads to substantial reductions in newborn mortality. We provide suggestive evidence that proximity to medical technologies may be an important channel contributing to these health gains.

Keywords: medical technology, birth, home birth, mortality

JEL Classification: I11, I12, I18, J13

Suggested Citation

Daysal, N. Meltem and Trandafir, Mircea and van Ewijk, Reyn, Saving Lives at Birth: The Impact of Home Births on Infant Outcomes. IZA Discussion Paper No. 6879, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2158289

N. Meltem Daysal (Contact Author)

Tilburg University ( email )

P.O. Box 90153
Tilburg, DC Noord-Brabant 5000 LE
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://www.meltemdaysal.com

IZA ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.meltemdaysal.com

Mircea Trandafir

University of Southern Denmark - Department of Business and Economics ( email )

DK-5230 Odense
Denmark

Reyn Van Ewijk

Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz - Department of Economics ( email )

Saarstrasse 21
Mainz, D-55099
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.econometrics.economics.uni-mainz.de/392.php

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