Importance of a Rural Sanitation Policy in Brazil (Importância de Uma Política de Saneamento Rural No Brasil)

Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administração e Sociologia Rural, July 2012

21 Pages Posted: 10 Aug 2012 Last revised: 14 Aug 2012

See all articles by Cinthia Cabral Costa

Cinthia Cabral Costa

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Joaquim Guilhoto

Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) - Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry (STI); University of Sao Paulo

Date Written: 2012

Abstract

Brazil has more than 23 million rural people with unimproved sanitation, which corresponds to about 75% of rural population. This study aimed to measure the social, environmental and economic impacts caused by implementation of a technological proposal for sanitation: “septic cesspool biodigester.” It was found that, per year, the implementation of this technology in rural homes with unimproved sanitation could: reduce about 250 deaths and 5.5 million infections caused by diarrheal diseases; reduce pollution of waterways by about 250 thousand tons of BOD and; that every R$1.00 invested in the implementation of alternative technology evaluated could cause a return to the society of R$2.55 in GDP. Moreover, the jobs would increase from 51 thousand.

Note: Downloadable document is in Portuguese.

Keywords: Sustainable Development, diarrhea, rural population

JEL Classification: I15, P25, Q01

Suggested Citation

Costa, Cinthia Cabral and Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins, Importance of a Rural Sanitation Policy in Brazil (Importância de Uma Política de Saneamento Rural No Brasil) (2012). Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administração e Sociologia Rural, July 2012, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2127794

Cinthia Cabral Costa

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Joaquim José Martins Guilhoto (Contact Author)

Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) - Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry (STI) ( email )

Paris
France

University of Sao Paulo ( email )

Av. Prof. Luciano Gualberto, 908
FEA2
Sao Paulo, 05508-010
Brazil
+ 55 011 3091-5870 (Phone)
+ 55 011 3813-4743 (Fax)

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