Importance of a Rural Sanitation Policy in Brazil (Importância de Uma Política de Saneamento Rural No Brasil)
Sociedade Brasileira de Economia, Administração e Sociologia Rural, July 2012
21 Pages Posted: 10 Aug 2012 Last revised: 14 Aug 2012
Date Written: 2012
Brazil has more than 23 million rural people with unimproved sanitation, which corresponds to about 75% of rural population. This study aimed to measure the social, environmental and economic impacts caused by implementation of a technological proposal for sanitation: “septic cesspool biodigester.” It was found that, per year, the implementation of this technology in rural homes with unimproved sanitation could: reduce about 250 deaths and 5.5 million infections caused by diarrheal diseases; reduce pollution of waterways by about 250 thousand tons of BOD and; that every R$1.00 invested in the implementation of alternative technology evaluated could cause a return to the society of R$2.55 in GDP. Moreover, the jobs would increase from 51 thousand.
Note: Downloadable document is in Portuguese.
Keywords: Sustainable Development, diarrhea, rural population
JEL Classification: I15, P25, Q01
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation