International Workshop 'Energy Security - Multidimensional Scientific Research and Praxis'
International Workshop 'Energy Security - Multidimensional Scientific Research and Praxis,' N. Bulz, ed., May 2011
38 Pages Posted: 5 Aug 2012
Date Written: May 27, 2011
International Workshop "Energy Security - Multidimensional Scientific Research and Praxis", Bucharest - Romania, May 27, 2011 was intended to focalize the current and middle term scientific research and praxis on the identification of the contemporary problems related to the Energy Security, to represent these identified problems, to gain the adequate knowledge toward attaining comprehensive models/simulation/emulation, to address both scientifically and practical to the decision makers, to elicit novelty regarding the necessary dynamic adaptation within our contemporary globalize world.
Most related to the above mentioned frame of this International Workshop, the organizers should underline on some possible dimensions to be inquired by the participants: Individual dimension of the contemporary human being as (re)actor within the Energy Security; Community dimension regarding the Energy Security - addressing the national states, trans-national companies, NGO - both on national and international levels; University and Academic dimensions regarding the current efforts to advance on the new (as green as possible) energy stance (through discoveries and inventions), to optimize the entire proceeding through the Energy chain, to elicit innovative behavioural contributions on the issue; National Energy Systems dimensions, National Energy Dispatchers dimensions, international Energy networks dimensions; (Inter)national Energy Markets dimensions - regarding the new stage of investments, production, distribution and consumption; (Inter)national policy dimensions versus the humankind next future.
The participation was free of charges. ROMANIAN UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCES AND ARTS “GHEORGHE CRISTEA” with the Research Department were supported the conference costs and fees.
The organizers were assisted on the accommodation and social program in Bucharest. Statistically, in May, it is a most pleasant weather in Bucharest area; so, it was the best context of the open problems addressed by this International Workshop.
There was edited and published the booklet of the received abstracts related to the Worksop/the booklet was launched assured during the morning meeting, May 27, 2011.
Also, one of the ISSN reviews of the University will host: the set of papers/studies related to the Worksop (each on max. 10 A4 pages, TNR 12, 1 line interspaced) and a systematic summary of the debates.
This publication will be a support document for the next intended Grant application.
The communications to be sustained during this International Workshop, the studies and books to be exhibited, the expected innovative points of view would make possible to foresight, to prospect, to inter/extra-polate the acquired data on the Energy Security.
All these were intended as be the basis for the next actions to initiate an International Consortium dealing with the above proposed dimensions to be inquired, by the participants/possible next partners at this one day proposed International Workshop - and to plan the new common interest actions - on a larger and proper scale [this expectation was putted in act - on the next months; so, during the February 2, 2012 it was completed a FP7 application].
So, this International Workshop would aim to transgress through an active interaction from a multi-thematic and multi-dimensional/pluri-disciplinary approach toward inter/trans/co/intra/cross-disciplinary approaches regarding the complex and/or simple matter of "Energy Security - Scientific Research and Praxis."
There were parallel and just precedent Workshops at the Parallel and just precedent Workshops at the Institute of Juridical Research Andrei Rădulescu/Romanian Academy; Agrosilvic Biodiversity Studies and Research Center "Acad. David Davidescu"/INCE/Romanian Academy: I: Wednesday, May 25, 11:00-13:00 - at the House of Academy, Institute of Juridical Research Andrei Rădulescu, Calea 13 Septembrie nr. 13, left side of the front-building, floor 4, Council Hall – nr. 4-254 -– theme: "Homo Juridicus: anthropological function of the law/The Cognition Labyrinth within the Philosophy of Law"; II: Thursday, May 26, 11:00-13:00 - at the House of Academy, Agrosilvic Biodiversity Studies and Research Center "Acad. David Davidescu," Calea 13 Septembrie nr. 13, right side of the front-building, floor 7, Council Hall – nr. 7-3541 – "Biodiversity – contemporary anthropic action":
II.1 The metabolic exergy within the world wide agro food crisis into a multipolar changing world; II.2 The scientific energetic basis of the eco-bio-economy addressing the sustainable progress of the humankind welfare; II.3 The green energy in the eco-bio-economic context of the independence and the sovereignty of the European Romania; II.4 Limits and possibilities for cross-border and transnational co-operation for an integrated energy and humankind welfare.
These four themes (II.1-II.4) are the result of the interaction with the Professor Dr. Alexandru T. Bogdan, Correspondent Member of the Romanian Academy.
After the publication of the booklet with the abstracts, an important contribution was received: A neglected solution to the energy problem, Sjoerd L. Bonting - emeritus professor of biochemistry and Anglican theologian Goor, the Netherlands.
This important contribution was presented during the Workshop, gaining high appreciation from the audience and leading an important catalytic role for the participants/partners to plan/to aggregate to compose the new common interest actions – on a larger and proper scale [this expectation was putted in act - on the next months; so, during the February 2, 2012 it was completed a FP7 application].
Here is presented the contribution within the Emeritus Professor Sjoerd L. Bonting's authorship: A neglected solution to the energy problem, Sjoerd L. Bonting – emeritus professor of biochemistry and Anglican theologian Goor, the Netherlands.
Energy security seems to me to be the most urgent problem, facing not only Europe but the entire world. The problem is exacerbated by the ongoing increase of the world population (6 billion in 2000, 9 billion predicted in 2050) and the rapid economic growth of several developing nations, particularly China and India. In 1980s climate scientists already warned about anthropogenic global warming (AGW) as a result of massive fossil fuel burning. The UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) presented in its four reports to date ever more detailed and precise evidence for AGW.
Effects are already noticeable: rapid melting of glaciers in arctic and antarctic regions and elsewhere, rising sea level, drought in some areas, excessive rainfall in others, increasing severity of cyclones. Yet, the Copenhagen conference (2009) failed to reach any binding international agreements to combat AGW. Various goals have been set by nations, but they are never reached. A set goal of maximal temperature increase of 2oC is already considered by experts to be out of reach.
In the absence of binding international agreements, nations are left to their own devices for fossil fuel replacement, such as promoting wind, solar and geothermal power. Experts agree that these can contribute at best only some 20% of energy consumption. Electric cars in charging their batteries will increase rather than decrease fossil fuel use. With oil production reaching its peak and rising oil prices, more and more coal plants, the worst polluters, are built. What is needed, in my opinion, is a worldwide project for the lasting production of clean energy. For fusion energy I see no future in this century.
I see the solution in placing large solar power panels in geosynchronous orbit, converting the electricity produced into microwave or laser beams that are sent to receiving stations on earth. An extensive study was sponsored by NASA in the late 1970s after the first oil crisis. The European and Japanese space organizations contributed to the study. The US Department of Energy and the Congressional Budget Office deemed the plan technologically and economically feasible, but it was shelved under President Reagan. Japan continued study of the plan and conducted some experiments in space, on the basis of which it plans to have a solar power panel in orbit by 2030.
In the original NASA study, the production of the solar panels was placed in a space colony hanging in a Lagrange point to avoid the environmental effects of multiple launches from the earth. Simpler to me would be a lunar colony with a mini nuclear power plant. The materials for the panels would in both cases be found on the moon. Launching of the panels would benefit from the low gravity on the moon (1/6 of earth gravity) and the earth would still be saved from the environmental effects. There is water on the lunar south pole, which can by hydrolysis provide oxygen for the workers.
Transport of the workers and their equipment could be provided by space vehicles of the United States, Russia, Europe, Japan and China. If the rich nations take care of the production and launching of the solar panels, the poor nations could build their own receiving stations, which will be relatively cheap. Use of laser beams would have the advantage that they are coherent, unlike microwave beams which expand on their way to the earth, and that a small fraction of the beam can be reflected back to the panel to keep the beam on the receiving station. These two advantages would allow the receiving stations to be much smaller than when microwave beams are used. The American Navstar system and the European Galileo system (operational in 2013), each with 30 satellites at 20.200 and 23.222 km height respectively, have provided much experience with the construction of integrated multisatellite systems.
Because I conservatively estimate the time length for construction of the solar power panel system at about 60 years, I suggest that in the meantime nuclear energy and other forms of clean energy would be exploited to decrease the use of fossil fuels to the maximal extent possible.
Keywords: Energy, Security, Energy Security, Multidisciplinary Research and Praxis
JEL Classification: C59, C89, D59, D74, D78, D79, D84, E23, E27, E37, E66, F47, H89, I28, I38, K42, K49, L13, L14, L51
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation