Birth Order and Human Capital Development: Evidence from Ecuador

35 Pages Posted: 21 Jul 2012

See all articles by Monique de Haan

Monique de Haan

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Erik Plug

University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam School of Economics (ASE); Tinbergen Institute; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Jose Rosero

INEC (Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos)

Abstract

In this paper we examine the effect of birth order on human capital development in Ecuador using a large national database together with self-collected survey data. Using family fixed effects models we find significant positive birth order effects; earlier born children stay behind in their human capital development from early childhood to adolescence. Turning to potential mechanisms we find that earlier born children receive less quality time from their mothers than later born children. In addition, they are breastfed shorter. The estimated birth order effects are largest for children in their teens growing up in poor, low educated families.

Keywords: birth order, human capital development, parental time allocation, Ecuador

JEL Classification: D1, I2, J1

Suggested Citation

de Haan, Monique and Plug, Erik and Rosero, Jose, Birth Order and Human Capital Development: Evidence from Ecuador. IZA Discussion Paper No. 6706, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2114886

Monique De Haan (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Erik Plug

University of Amsterdam - Amsterdam School of Economics (ASE) ( email )

Roetersstraat 11
1018 WB Amsterdam
Netherlands
+31 20 5254311 (Phone)
+31 20 5254310 (Fax)

Tinbergen Institute

Burg. Oudlaan 50
Rotterdam, 3062 PA
Netherlands

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Jose Rosero

INEC (Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos) ( email )

Ecuador

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